A three-stage framework for efficient deployment of intelligent transportation systems in urban areas
Rapid urbanization in big cities worldwide leads to severe traffic congestion and damages the urban living environment. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) play a crucial role in addressing the growing challenges of urban transportation, such as congestion, pollution, and safety concerns. However, there is a lack of studies to present an overall framework to deploy ITS efficiently in urban areas considering each city's unique conditions. Therefore, this paper develops a three-stage framework to simplify the process of efficient deployment of ITS application services in a specific city. Three stages include identifying potential ITS services, evaluating and ranking the priority of ITS application services, and analyzing legal requirements as well identifying any gaps or areas where the current legal framework may fall short in accommodating ITS technologies. The three-stage framework considers the specific transportation challenges and requirements of each urban area/city, taking into account factors such as traffic patterns, infrastructure limitations, environmental considerations, and future development plans. A case study in Hai Phong city was presented where expert surveys were conducted to assess the current transport situation, evaluate satisfaction and expectation regarding applying ITS services. By providing a comprehensive framework for the efficient deployment of ITS in urban areas, this paper offers valuable insights and guidance to policymakers, transportation planners, and researchers. The framework can be as reference for other similar cities grappling with transportation challenges, facilitating the implementation of effective ITS solutions to transform advanced and sustainable urban transportation systems.
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